UK borrowing rates close in on last year’s ‘mini-budget’ crisis levels


British Prime Minister Liz Truss attends a news conference in London, Britain, October 14, 2022.
Daniel Leal | Reuters

LONDON — U.K. borrowing costs are nearing levels not seen since the throes of the bond market crisis triggered by former Prime Minister Liz Truss’ disastrous mini-budget.

New data on Wednesday showed that the U.K. consumer price inflation rate fell by less than expected in April. The annual consumer price index dropped from 10.1% in March to 8.7% in April, well above consensus estimates and the Bank of England‘s forecast of 8.4%.

With inflation continuing to prove stickier than the government and the central bank had hoped, now almost double the comparable rate in the U.S. and considerably higher than in Europe, traders increased bets that interest rates will need to be hiked further in order to curtail price rises.

Most notably, core inflation — which excludes volatile energy, food, alcohol and tobacco prices — came in at 6.8% in the 12 months to April, up from 6.2% in March, adding to the Bank of England’s concerns about inflation becoming entrenched.

Strategists at BNP Paribas said in a note Wednesday that the “broad-based strength” in the U.K. inflation print makes a 25 basis point hike to interest rates at the Bank’s June meeting a “done deal,” and raised their terminal rate forecast from 4.75% to 5%.

They added that the “sustained strength of inflation and potential concerns around second-round effects are likely to persist, prompting another 25bp hike in August.”

The Bank of England hiked rates for the 12th consecutive meeting earlier this month, taking the main bank rate to 4.5% as the Monetary Policy Committee reiterated its commitment to taming stubbornly high inflation. The benchmark rate helps price a whole range of mortgages and loans across the country, impacting borrowing costs for citizens.

This sentiment was echoed by Cathal Kennedy, senior U.K. economist at RBC Capital Markets, who said the Bank’s Monetary Policy Committee can be accused of having underestimated, and continuing to underestimate, the “second round inflation effects that are currently fueling domestic inflationary pressures.”

“[Wednesday’s] CPI print probably removes any degree of debate around a further increase in Bank rate at the June MPC (currently our base case), but the market has moved beyond that and is now pricing even more than two full 25bps rate increases after that,” Kennedy noted.

As a result of these hawkish market bets, U.K. government bond yields continued to rise early on Thursday. The yield on U.K. 2-year gilt climbed to 4.42% and the 10-year yield rose to almost 4.28%, levels not seen since Truss and former Finance Minister Kwasi Kwarteng’s package of unfunded tax cuts unleashed chaos in financial markets in September and October last year.

The fallout prompted an unprecedented intervention from the Bank of England and Truss’ resignation after just 44 days in office, making her the shortest-serving prime minister in British history.

Government bond yields have been rising across the board as central banks continue to raise interest rates in a bid to rein in inflation.

Yields on the benchmark U.S. 10-year Treasury note and 2-year note hit their highest levels since March on Wednesday, as the market’s pricing of cuts to interest rates from the U.S. Federal Reserve before the end of the year pulled back somewhat in recent days. Yields move inversely to prices.

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